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The Church of the Flagellation is a Franciscan complex which includes a monastery located in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem, and is adjacent to the Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross. The site is traditionally marked as the place where the Roman soldiers flogged Jesus after he was convicted and sentenced to death by crucifixion (John 19:17-19).
The Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross is located in a Franciscan compound at Station 2 of the Via Dolorosa. This is the location which in tradition, Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land commemorate as the site where Jesus took up his cross after being sentenced to crucifixion (John 19:16). This belief was based on the discovery of a large Roman pavement stones, which are described in the Bible as part of Pilate’s judgment seat for the condemnation of Jesus.
Tel-Aviv after Jerusalem is the second largest city in the country, and established by a community of Jews nearby the ancient port city of Jaffa in only 1909. Most Christian Holy Land tours in Israel begin with an arrival and overnight in Tel-Aviv. This base city is where most Christian pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land meet and continue usually along a coastal plain drive North of Israel, to such places as Caesarea.
St. Peter's Church served as a beacon for many centuries for pilgrims traveling by sea to the Holy Land because of its dominant location in Jaffa, and holds great significance to Christians traveling to the Holy Land today because the church is dedicated to St. Peter, one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. It was Simon whom Jesus renamed Peter, and said on to him “upon this rock I will build my church” (Matthew 16:18).
The famous and scenic Church of the Beatitudes chapel stands a top of Mount of Beatitudes, constructed between 1936 and 1938 by the noted architect Antonio Barluzzi, and it honors the place where Jesus preached the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5, Matthew 6, Matthew 7,Matthew 8). You’ll visit this beautiful holy site during our 5th day of our signature Christian pilgrimage Holy Land Tour of Israel, and it’s often described by pilgrims as one of the more memorable moments when visiting the Holy Land.
A popular Christian pilgrimage stop during a Holy Land tour is the Franciscan Church of the Visitation in Ein Karem, in the west side of Jerusalem, which honors the visit made by Mary the mother of Jesus’, to Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist’s (Luke 1:39-56).