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Bethany is situated on the main road in the out-skirts of Jerusalem, which in the days of Jesus was a thriving city. According to Christian teachings, this is the same village mentioned in the New Testament as the site where Jesus stayed during his visits to Jerusalem. Some residents of Bethany even became Jesus followers, and the poor residents of the village is said happy received Jesus.
The Chapel of the Ascension in the Mount of Olives is situated where Jesus is believed to have ascended to heaven, however all that is left is a small octagonal-structure in an area that ones was part of a large Christian church complex , which after became a monastery, and is today an Islamic mosque that is controlled by Islamic authority.
Rachel’s Tomb is identified by all three major religions; Christian, Jewish & Muslim as the burial site of Rachel, the biblical matriarch wife of Jacob, mother to his twelve sons whom died giving birth to their son Benjamin (Genesis 35:16-19). In the New Testament Rachel’s misfortune implies as a type of prophecy of the death of the helpless babies killed by King Herod (Jeremiah 31:14, Matthew 2:16-18).
Known in the Arab world as al-Muallaqah “The Suspended” church, and by Christians as the Hanging Church its Cairo’s most famous Coptic church. The Church commemorates the Virgin Mary, and is named for its location above a gatehouse of Babylon Fortress, the Roman fortress in Old Cairo with its interior-nave suspended over a passage.
In the Gospel of Matthew, the Virgin Mary, Joseph and baby Jesus escape from Palestine into Egypt out of fear from persecution of Herod the Great. The Holy Family traveled all the way to Assiut, and on their way back home spent several weeks in Old Cairo. Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church stand traditionally on the spot where the Holy Family rested at the end of their journey in Egypt. They may have even lived here while Joseph worked at the fortress.
The archeological site of Caesarea Philippi is situated in Banias, today a Natural Reserve in Northern Israel. At the time of Jesus it was a city of Greek-Roman culture known for worship of false gods. The city had been known as Banias, the name honoring the Greek god Pan — a half-man, half-goat deity depicted most of the time playing a flute. Here in this Holy Land destination is where Jesus proclaimed he would establish his church giving authority to the apostle Simon.